Voice and data communications are the lifeblood of business operations. All too often, customers are unaware of what is hidden among the many charges on your phone bills. Many of these are what is now referred to as “junk fees”. These pesky additional charges slip under the radar and can really increase your spend. This guide is about unpacking those charges and spotlighting the efforts of regulatory bodies to curb their impact.

Let’s dive in to what these pesky fees are, why you should care, and how you can fight back.

What Are Junk Fees?

At their core, junk fees are extraneous charges added to the bills of business customers for voice and data services. These fees are presented as government-mandated surcharges, when often they are not. They are called by many different names, each unique to each carrier. Some of these fees may have a basis in actual service costs, while others are harder to justify.

1. Regulatory Recovery Fees
These fees are supposedly to cover the costs of complying with various government regulations. However, critics argue that these should be considered part of the cost of doing business and not passed on to consumers as separate fees.

2. Universal Service Fund (USF) Charges
The USF fee is intended to support affordable access to telecommunications services in all areas of the country, including rural, high-cost areas, and to schools, libraries, and low-income households. While this is a legitimate charge sanctioned by the government, some argue it is a hidden cost not clearly communicated.

3. Administrative Fees
These are vague charges that can cover anything from billing processes to account maintenance. Because they’re so broadly defined, it’s hard to understand exactly what service or benefit they provide.

4. State and Local Taxes
While not technically “junk” since they’re legally mandated, the way these taxes are applied and itemized can sometimes feel excessive and confusing to consumers.

5. 911 Service Fees
These fees are collected to fund emergency call services. While essential, the amount and the way they’re charged can vary significantly, leading some to question their management and application.

6. Number Portability Charges
Fees associated with keeping your phone number when you switch providers. Although FCC rules permit his charge, it can feel like a penalty for seeking better service elsewhere.

7. Late Payment Fees
While it’s standard practice to charge a fee for late payments, some companies impose hefty fees that disproportionately penalize consumers for minor delays in payment.

8. Early Termination Fees
These are charged when a customer decides to end their service contract before the agreed period. While not unjustified, the size of these fees can sometimes feel like a “junk” addition, especially if they’re not clearly disclosed upfront.

9. Paper Bill Fees
Charges for receiving a physical bill in the mail. In the digital age, charging for a paper statement can feel like an unnecessary, junk fee.

10. Non-Payment/Service Restoration Fees
Fees charged to restore service after it has been disconnected for non-payment. These can add a significant burden to customers already struggling to pay their bills.

11. Third-party Charges
Fees for services added to your bill by other companies, which you might not have explicitly agreed to or were misled into subscribing to (a practice known as “cramming”).

The Impact of Junk Fees on Businesses

The cumulative effect of junk fees can be startling, with businesses often finding themselves paying significantly more than anticipated for essential services. We recently ran up against the Federal Primary Carrier Multi-Line Charge (not to be confused with the Federal Subscriber Line Charge).

When one of our clients moved a bank of lines to another carrier, we were surprised to find a charge of $14.99 per line added as a non-basic charge. The carrier hadn’t disclosed this fee, nor any other fee for that matter. The client ended up paying more for those lines than he had with the previous carrier.

When researching fees for this article, I searched for more information from the carrier on this Federal Primary Carrier Multi-Line Charge fee and found nothing.

The Biden Administration’s Efforts to Combat Junk Fees

Under President Biden’s administration, there has been a renewed push to address the issue of junk fees across various sectors. In an effort to protect consumers and businesses from unexpected and often excessive fees, President Joe Biden took a significant step by signing an executive order targeting the issue of “junk fees”.

• Enhanced Transparency: The order encourages federal agencies to investigate and enforce rules that require companies to disclose fees upfront. This means businesses and consumers should be able to see clearly what they’re being charged for before they commit to a service or product.

Crackdown on Unfair Fees: The goal is to identify and eliminate fees that are considered unfair, deceptive, or predatory. This includes fees that are not clearly disclosed, fees that are disproportionate to the cost of the service provided, and fees for services that should reasonably be included in the base price of a product or service.

Consumer and Business Protections: By targeting junk fees, the executive order aims to protect consumers and businesses from being nickel-and-dimed by these additional charges, potentially saving them billions of dollars annually.

Collaboration with State and Local Authorities: The order also involves working with state and local governments to enforce existing laws against unfair and deceptive practices, as well as to explore new legislation that could further protect consumers and businesses.

The FCC’s Stance on Junk Fees

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has acknowledged the burden that junk fees can place on businesses and consumers alike. The FCC has taken several actions to regulate and reduce junk fees in the telecommunications industry, focusing on ensuring transparency, fairness, and consumer protection. These efforts are part of the FCC’s broader mandate to oversee communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable across the United States.Here’s an overview of some key actions the FCC has undertaken to tackle junk fees:

Transparency and Disclosure Requirements

Truth-in-Billing Regulations: The FCC’s truth-in-billing rules require phone companies to provide bills that are clear, concise, and understandable. Carriers must clearly and accurately identify all charges and fees, explain the nature of those charges, and list them in a way that is not misleading. This helps consumers understand what they are being charged for and to identify potential junk fees.

Promoting Competition: By enforcing regulations that ensure a competitive telecommunications market, the FCC aims to indirectly reduce junk fees. Competition encourages service providers to offer more transparent pricing and fee structures to attract and retain customers, potentially leading to fewer junk fees.

Consumer Complaint Process: The FCC provides a platform for consumers to file complaints about their telecommunications service, including issues related to billing and unauthorized fees. The FCC reviews these complaints and can take enforcement action against companies violating its rules.

Advanced Notices of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRMs): The FCC periodically releases NPRMs to explore potential new rules or modifications to existing regulations that could further reduce the burden of junk fees on consumers. These may address issues like fee transparency, billing practices, and the provision of clear, upfront pricing information.

Coordination with Other Government Entities: The FCC works in concert with other government agencies, such as the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), to address broader issues of unfair or deceptive practices that may include junk fees. This collaboration helps to ensure a unified approach to protecting consumers across different sectors.

Future Directions

While these actions by the FCC have contributed to greater transparency and consumer protection, the issue of junk fees remains a moving target, requiring ongoing vigilance and regulatory adaptation to ensure that consumers and businesses are not unduly burdened by unnecessary charges.

Many service providers, including the Big Three, have faced criticism for billing practices, particularly concerning undisclosed or vaguely justified fees. Understanding these charges and questioning their validity is a crucial step for businesses looking to reduce unnecessary expenditures.

How can you fight back?

Review each line item: Carefully examine your bill for charges that don’t correspond to your service usage or contract terms.

Question unfamiliar charges: If a fee isn’t clearly explained, contact your service provider for clarification.

Compare with past bills: Look for inconsistencies or sudden increases in charges without a change in service.

Strategies for Reducing Junk Fees

Negotiate with providers: Don’t hesitate to challenge questionable fees and negotiate for their removal.

Shop around: Sometimes, the threat of switching to a competitor can motivate your current provider to offer a more reasonable rate.

Seek transparent billing: Opt for service providers that offer straightforward, transparent billing practices.


Junk fees on business voice and data bills represent a hidden challenge for many companies, but with informed strategies and a proactive approach, it’s possible to mitigate their impact. By understanding the fees, questioning their validity, and opting for transparent providers, businesses can better manage their telecommunications expenses and protect their bottom line.

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